139th Airborne Engineer Battalion

17th Airborne Parachute Maint. Company

139th Airborne Engineer Company

155th Airborne Anti-Aircraft Battalion

193rd Glider Infantry Regiment

194th Glider Infantry Regiment

224th Airborne Medical Company

411th Airborne Quartermaster Company

464th Parachute Field Artillery Battalion

466th Parachute Field Artillery Battalion

507th Parachute Infantry Regiment

513th Parachute Infantry Regiment

517th Airborne Signal Company

680th Glider Field Artillery Battalion

681st Glider Field Artillery Battalion

717th Airborne Ordnance Company

Division Band

Division headquarters (HQ)

Military Police Platoon

Recon Platoon

389th Quartermaster Company (attached)

550th Infantry Airborne Battalion (attached)

The 17th Airborne Division was activated 15 April 1943 at Camp Mackall, North Carolina. The Engineer Battalion was designated the 139th Airborne Engineer Battalion, under the command of Lt Colonel Stanley Johnson on 31 December 1942 and was assigned to the 17th Airborne upon the 17th’s activation. After completing basic training, specialist training, and a variety of training maneuvers, the unit left with the Division for England on 17 August, 1944.

 

When the 139th arrived in England, the Battalion was sent to Camp Ashton Keynes, one of the 17th Airborne Division staging areas, on 26 August, 1944. Flight and tactical training continued and night maneuvers were added to the training schedule.

 

As part of the Division, the 139th engaged in the Ardennes, Rhineland, and Central Europe Campaigns. As part of the Battle of the Bulge, the 139th AEB supported the division in the defense of the Meuse River sector from Givet to Verdun until 1 January, 1945. During the next month, the 139th AEB moved several times within Belgium, sweeping roads for mines and locating and destroying booby traps. On 27 January the Battalion took up positions near Bockholz, Luxembourg. On 11 February, the 139th AEB returned to camp at Chalons-sur-Marne in France with the rest of the 17th Airborne Division.

 

Operation Varsity was the first combat glider landing for the 139th AEB. The 139th’s mission was to land north of Wesel in Landing Zone (LZ) S, a large flat area where the Issel River and the Issel Canal merge. After landing, the Battalion was to seize the crossing over the Issel and protect the Division's right flank. The 139th had the misfortune of flying over a concentration of German antiaircraft weapons. Two-thirds of the C-47's were either damaged or in flames. The pilots remained with the aircraft until the gliders were released. Many gliders unfortunately landed amid German artillery units. The German gun crews immediately repositioned their guns for direct fire. It was a tough situation for a while but the glider troops prevailed and were able to overrun the German positions.

 

In early April, the Battalion performed engineering duties, such as clearing road blocks, repairing roads, and building bridges in western Germany.

 

Military government duties began 12 April, and active contact with the enemy ceased 18 April 1945. The Battalion continued to perform engineering duties. The Division came under the XXII Corps on 24 April. It continued its occupation duties until 15 June, 1945 when it returned to France for redeployment. Many troopers were then transferred to the 82nd and 101st Airborne and for occupation duty in Berlin and Austria. Others joined the 13th Airborne Division, which returned to the US to be readied for the Pacific. The 139th returned to the United States with the remainder of the division and was deactivated on 15 September, 1945 at Camp Miles Standish, Massachusetts.

Official website of the veterans and descendants of the 17th Airborne Division.  World War II US Army paratroopers

© 2020 Scions of the 17th Airborne

This website, and the Scions organization, is dedicated to all the veterans who served with the 17th Airborne Division at any time during its period of activation. The site is administered by the "Scions of the 17th Airborne Division, Inc.", an organization chartered by 17th veterans to honor the service of all its veterans and to insure that the story of the 17th Airborne is told. The website will be updated to add information and documents related to the 17th Airborne.

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